The data will be made available upon request via [email protected] The groundnut varieties responded differently to the combined applications of each of the two inoculant strains with P in terms of nodule number. The country annually produces around 0.4 million metric tons of peanuts. All Rights Reserved. The soil samples were analysed for the following parameters: pH (H2O/soil 2 : 1), organic carbon (Walkley–Black), total N (Kjeldahl distillation), CEC (NH4OAc), available phosphorus (Bray-I), exchangeable K (NH4OAc), bulk density (3 × 100 cm3 metal cans per profile depth and replication) and particle size distribution (hydrometric method) [10, 11] (Table 1). P fertilizer and rhizobium inoculant also had a significant interactive influence on the pod yield of groundnut. In other parts of the world they are boiled, either in the shell or unshelled. It is the number of days from planting to the time when 50% of the plants had flowered. The plants were gently scooped up with a spade and the roots were washed on a sieve under a jet of tap water and then placed on a paper towel in the shade to air-dry. Each crop variety released has its own attributes and genetic make-up that the breeders focus on when developing it. The nodules were then carefully detached from the roots of the 10 plants with hand and dried in a forced-air oven at 60°C until a constant weight was obtained and this weight value was divided by 10 to get the nodule dry weight per plant. Going above 30 kg P ha−1 would probably not be economically viable for the groundnut farmers in the study area. number of pods per plant). The three groundnut varieties responded differently to the application of the inoculant strains. Map of countries colored by their peanut production. BR 3267 produced the highest number of pods in all the three varieties (Table 4) and increased the pod numbers by 75%, 38% and 12% in Obolo, Samnut 22 and Oboshie, respectively over the uninoculated plants (Table 4). The combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 produced the highest nodule number of 69 in Oboshie which was statistically similar to the nodule number produced by Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). 70% of the nuts are produced in the provinces of Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangdong, and Henan. According to [20], the combined use of P fertilizers and rhizobium inoculants increased grain yield and enhanced N2 fixation to improve the fertility status of most soils. The DAE officials said farmers have already completed sowing of groundnut seeds on over 9,000 hectares of land till Monday as the process continues in full swing amid excellent climatic conditions across the division. Combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 increased the nodule numbers in Obolo, Oboshie and Samnut 22 by 144%, 188% and 56%, respectively over their respective uninoculated plots. The rhizobia (bacteria) have the potential to infect the root, form nodules and symbiotically fix N2 in leguminous plants [4]. Total crop forecast for the 2016/2017 season is 35 000t, but Gerhard thinks total production will not reach 18 000t. Five plants were selected from each of the rows next to the two border rows giving a total of 10 plants. There is therefore the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation efficiently to enhance crop production. The percent moisture content of the sub-sample and the field weight of the bulk haulm were used to calculate the dry weight of the bulk haulm. Yield is forecast at a near record 3.82 metric tons per hectare (t/ha), up 1 percent from last month, unchanged from last year, and 4 … 2A Media Limited. Inoculation of legumes with rhizobia generally triggers plant growth, development and yield and it is normally used as a substitute for mineral nitrogen fertilizer which is often costly [3]. The country located in West Africa, Ghana is the land of groundnuts. There is therefore, the need to use systems’ internal resources such as biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) efficiently and judiciously use P fertilizers to enhance groundnut production. The most labor intensive operations in groundnut production – harvesting, stripping and shelling – have now been mechanized to ease the drudgery Read more... Archives December 2020 Plants in the middle four rows of each plot were harvested and the pods pricked from the roots and dried in the sun on a concrete floor for a sufficient number of days and then weighed using a digital balance. The highest consumption in five years was recorded dur… The addition of rhizobium inoculants helps boost the number of nodules per plant which in turn increases the potential of N2 fixation with the help of P fertilizer [14]. Inoculation of the three groundnut varieties with both rhizobium strains USDA 3456 and BR 3267 reduced the period of flowering compared to the uninoculated groundnut varieties (Table 2). Groundnut Production “ This report describes an approach to assess locations and areal expanses that have potential for the production of bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea L. Verdc) across the world. Michael Asante, Benjamin Dzorgbenyui Kofi Ahiabor, Williams K. Atakora, "Growth, Nodulation, and Yield Responses of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) as Influenced by Combined Application of Rhizobium Inoculant and Phosphorus in the Guinea Savanna Zone of Ghana", International Journal of Agronomy, vol. A combined application of 30 kg P ha−1 and USDA 3456 to Samnut 22 produced the highest haulm yield of 6103 kg ha−1while the lowest yield of 1756 kg ha−1was obtained from the application of 30 kg P ha−1 and BR 3267 to Oboshie (Table 5). Gujarat: Groundnut production estimated to be higher this Kharif season According to the First Advance Estimate of the Gujarat government, groundnut production in the state is likely to remain 54.64 lakh tonnes (lt) this Kharif season. The Department of Agricultural Extension (DAE) has fixed a record target of producing 35,397 tons of groundnut from 17,7930 hectares of land for all eight districts in Rangpur division during the current Rabi season. In the year 2019, China was the biggest peanut producer with a production of 17.5 million metric tons. Moreover, the country is the largest producer of cassava in the world, with about 50 million metric tons annually from a cultivated area of about 3.7 million ha. The combined application of the rhizobium strains and the P fertilizer increased the nodule dry weight by about 145% over the uninoculated (control) plot. In China, groundnuts are mainly grown in seven regions according to the ecological zoning. Like most other legumes, peanuts harbor symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacteria in their root nodules.. Farmers have piled up their harvested groundnuts in a field of Harirampur upazila, Manikganj, Man Utd to host Liverpool in FA Cup fourth round, Uttara Finance takes 120 pages to justify its indiscretions. Increases in yield due to inoculation is evident in most research studies carried out around the world and even in areas where the yield increment is not obvious, inoculation may still have major benefits by enhancing seed N levels and N uptake by the plant [4]. As a result of conducting massive motivational activities by the DAE and other agri-related organisations, farmers are increasing cultivation of high yielding varieties of groundnut evolved by Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute (BARI). However, there was no significant () interaction of variety, phosphorus and rhizobium inoculants with respect to pod load. The groundnut seeds were sown on 26th June, 2016 at a spacing of 50 × 20 cm under rain-fed conditions and one plant was maintained per hill. The warm and temperate climate of the state greatly support the peanut production. The main plot treatments were three groundnut varieties, namely Samnut 22, Obolo and Oboshie. Dairy Monthly Imports Will polling return and decide next BGMEA president? Groundnut were sown in 20.09 million ha spread over 85 countries with the production of 22.59 million tonnes (t) and an average productivity of 1.12 t ha-1 (FAO 1989). Uninoculated Samnut 22 with 30 kg P ha−1 application produced statistically the same number of nodules as inoculated Samnut 22 fertilized with 30 kg P ha−1 (Table 3). Inoculation with BR 3267 produced the highest pod yield in all the three varieties with yields increasing from 13 to 40% over that of the uninoculated treatments, with BR 3267-inoculated Samnut 22 giving the highest yield of 2013 kg ha−1. IGP: Need improved system to bring juveniles into justice, Listed cement makers are bouncing back from the pandemic hit, Jubo League leader held for sexually assaulting woman in Jessore, UNDP to address human rights issues in Covid-19, Everyone in Bangladesh now has a mobile connection, Please read our Comment Policy before posting, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute. 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